This list relates to the semester Semester Two 2017-2018 which ended on 03/06/2018
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    SEMINAR 1. ANTICOLONIALISM AND NATIONALIST STRUGGLES We begin by watching a film that introduces a number of themes that will be pursued later, for example, resistance, racism, gender and sexuality, hybridity. It also ties in with two themes that run through the module: the theme of ‘situatedness’/ biography/ autobiography and the theme of the connection between academia/activism. Readings examine the struggles against European imperialism and colonisation in the post second world war period. They raise the question of the role of violence and the place of nationalism in independence struggles in the light of the way in which coloniser and colonised are mutually constituted through cultural and ideological processes that form an important part of what enables colonisation to take place and to be maintained.
    1. Frantz Fanon: black skin, white mask - Isaac Julien, Frantz Fanon 1995 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch this film in the seminar.

    2. Chapter 1 of Nationalist thought and the colonial world: a derivative discourse - Partha Chatterjee

      Chapter Essential Chatterjee’s notion of ‘derivative discourse’. Especially Chapter 1.

    3. "Concerning violence" Chapter of The wretched of the earth - Frantz Fanon

      Chapter Essential Especially Chapter 1: Concerning violence, pp. 1-75. Sartre’s Preface is also worth reading. [HOL JV51.F2]

    4. Other readings 5 items
      1. Discourse on colonialism - Aimee Cesaire

        Chapter Further reading Classic text. Especially pages 9-25.

      2. "The two answers of the colonised" Chapter of The Colonizer and the colonized - Albert Memmi

        Chapter Further reading Classic text. Especially ‘The two answers of the colonized’

      3. Decolonising the mind: the politics of language in African literature - Ngũgĩ wa Thiongʾo 1986

        Book Further reading Classic text

      4. "Resistance and opposition." Chapter 3 of Culture and imperialism - Edward Said

        Chapter Further reading Other material on anti colonial struggles: Said's distinction between nationalist independence and liberation

      5. The Battle of Algiers - Gillo Pontecorvo 2009 (videorecording)

        Audio-visual document Further reading Other material on anti colonial struggles: Classic film [see discussion of the film at]

    We examine one of the foundational writers of postcolonialism, Frantz Fanon, and his text Black Skin, White Masks. We pick up here particularly on his experiences as a Frenchman from Martinique who encounters racism on arrival in Paris. In this seminar we also begin to examine autoethnography through Muppidi’s work.
    1. "Shame and rage" Chapter of Colonial signs of international relations - Himadeep Muppidi

      Chapter Essential pp. 11-25, ‘Shame and Rage’. An impassioned critique of IR; his own experiences in a Belgian museum; section on US soldiers in Iraq interesting in relation to experiences of French in Algeria. [HOL JZ1242.M9]

    2. "Fanon" Chapter of Critical theorists and international relations - Himadeep Muppidi

      Chapter Essential Muppidi, Himadeep ‘Fanon’, in Edkins and Vaughan-Williams, ed. Critical Theorists in International Relations. A short introduction to Fanon in the context of international relations. Reflects on his own reaction to Fanon. [Online and HOL JZ1242.C9]

    3. "The fact of blackness" Chapter 5 of Black skin, white masks - Frantz Fanon

      Chapter Essential A foundational text of postcolonial studies. Think about the style of writing as well as what is being said.

    4. Preface of Madness and civilization: a history of insanity in the age of reason - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential Preface: A short (4 page) essay on madness, reason and confinement.

    5. "The birth of the asylum" Chapter 9 of Madness and civilization: a history of insanity in the age of reason - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential Chapter 9 The Birth of the Asylum

    6. Seminar 2: Other reading 5 items
      1. "Madness, death and the birth of reason" Chapter 1 of Michel Foucault: the will to truth - Alan Sheridan

        Chapter Further reading Introductory text for those unfamiliar with Foucault: Chapter 1, ‘Madness, death and the Birth of Reason.’ Provides a reading of Foucault’s Madness and Civilisation

      2. 1: Remembering Fanon | Lawrence & Wishart

        Webpage Further reading "Remembering Fanon." New Formations 1 (Spring 1987): 118-135. Homi Bhabha, Stephan Feuchtwang and Barbara Harlow contributed to a special section of the journal.

      3. The fact of blackness: Frantz Fanon and visual representation - Alan Read c1996

        Book Further reading Particularly Hall, Stuart. "The After-Life of Frantz Fanon: Why Fanon? Why Now? Why Black Skin White Masks?" Discusses the reception and significance of Fanon; draws out his psychoanalytic approach.

      4. Frantz Fanon: a biography - David Macey 2012

        Book Further reading Highly regarded biography.

      5. The Impossible Life of Frantz Fanon - Albert Memmi, Thomas Cassirer and G. Michael Twomey 1973

        Article Further reading

    We examine Foucault’s work on power/knowledge, and its importance for understanding the way in which ‘truth’ functions politically, and look at how our own knowledge is ‘situated’ and how we might reveal that situatedness. Some introductory readings on Foucault are at the end of the Handbook. We continue the exploration of autobiography/autoethnography through Naeem Inayatullah’s writings and a Skype conversation with him.
    1. Pulling threads: Intimate systematicity in The Politics of Exile - N. Inayatullah 01/08/2013

      Article Essential If you have chance, you might read the book that is discussed: Elizabeth Dauphinee, The Politics of Exile (Routledge 2013)

    2. Epistemic Disobedience, Independent Thought and Decolonial Freedom - W. D. Mignolo 01/12/2009

      Article Essential Walter Mignolo’s notion of de-colonial knowledges

    3. Other reading 5 items
      1. Autobiographical international relations: I, IR - Naeem Inayatullah 2011

        Book Further reading Examples of autobiographical writing

      2. Monolingualism of the other, or, The prosthesis of origin - Jacques Derrida 1998

        Book Further reading

      3. Haddour, A. (2000) ‘The Signifier of the Outside’, in: Colonial myths: history and narrative

        Chapter Further reading pp. 155–74. Critique of Derrida’s writings on colonialism and Algeria in Monolingualism of the other

      4. ‘Simone de Beauvoir and the Politics of Privilege' - Sonia Kruks

        Article Further reading Simone de Beauvoir campaigned during the Algerian war

      5. Chapter 1: Deconstruction in Algeria (Derrida 'himself') - Michael Syrotinski

        Chapter Further reading Chapter 1 ‘Deconstruction in Algeria: Derrida himself.’

  4. Seminar 4: ORIENTALISM AND HYBRIDITY 8 items
    Readings explore two concepts that were key in the development of postcolonial studies: orientalism, which is associated with the classic work of Edward Said, work that is credited with inaugurating the field of postcolonial theory and draws on Foucault and Gramsci; and hybridity, a contested concept developed by Homi Bhabha, who draws on Derrida and Lacan (see introductory readings at the end of the Handbook) as well as Foucault and Fanon.
    1. Edward Said On Orientalism 28/10/2012

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch this film in the seminar. Said's book Orientalism has been profoundly influential in a diverse range of disciplines since its publication in 1978. In this interview he talks about the context within which the book was conceived, and how its original thesis relates to the contemporary understanding of "the Orient."

    2. Chapter of Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci - Antonio Gramsci

      Chapter Essential The passage from Gramsci that Said refers to in the video is on pp. 323-325.

    3. Chapter 3 of Globalization and postcolonialism: hegemony and resistance in the twenty-first century - Sankaran Krishna

      Chapter Essential Chapter 3, particularly the discussion of Said (72-80) and Bhabha (89-98). Introductory text for those unfamiliar with Said and Bhabha

    4. Other readings 4 items
      1. Orientalism - Edward W. Said 1978

        Book Further reading Classic text

      2. Introduction

        Chapter Further reading Classic text.

      3. “The ambivalence of Bhabha,” - Robert Young

        Chapter Further reading in White Mythologies: Writing History and the West, 2nd edition. London: Routledge, 2004.

      4. ‘Hybridization: The im/purity of the political’, Chapter of Sovereignty and subjectivity - Aletta Norval

        Chapter Further reading Critique of Bhabha’s notion of hybridity

    Readings examine the work of the subaltern studies group, and the recent work of Dipesh Chakrabarty, who argues for what he calls “provincializing Europe.” In a context framed by liberal western ideologies Spivak questions whether the oppressed—the subaltern—has even the possibility of a voice, let alone of being heard. The term subaltern comes from Gramsci. Work using the notion of the subaltern (and indeed the writings of the Subaltern Studies Group) has been developed in Latin America.
    1. "Deep Relation" Chapter 1 of The Black Pacific (Theory for a Global Age) - Robbie Shilliam

      Chapter Essential Argues that it is important to examine relations between subalterns

    2. Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for "Indian" Pasts? - Dipesh Chakrabarty 1992

      Article Essential Original statement of thesis on provincializing Europe

    3. Other readings 5 items
      1. Provincializing Europe: postcolonial thought and historical difference - Dipesh Chakrabarty 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Classic text. New preface by the author 2007. Argues that while the categories of European thought are ‘indispensible’, they are ‘inadequate’. Influential book.

      2. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Chapter of Colonial discourse and post colonial theory: a reader - Gayatri Spivak

        Chapter Essential Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Section IV. 90-104. Classic piece: Spivak is one of the most often cited feminist postcolonial writers but is notoriously difficult to read — focus on where she deals with sati and suicide, section IV.

      3. Gramsci in India: homage to a teacher - Ranajit Guha 03/2011

        Article Further reading Short paper that traces the impact of Gramsci on the development of Subaltern Studies

      4. The Promise and Dilemma of Subaltern Studies: Perspectives from Latin American History - Florencia E. Mallon 12/1994

        Article Further reading Discusses the different scholars associated with subaltern studies and the uses to which their work is being put by Latin Americanists

  6. Seminar 6: IDENTITY, RACE AND DIASPORA 8 items
    Postcolonial politics, in contrast to International Relations, has emphasized the politics of race and gender. In this seminar, readings examine identity and race in particular, using the work of Stuart Hall as exemplary, and look also at questions of the ambiguity and impossibility of any identification, focusing on the question of diaspora.
    1. The Stuart Hall project: revolution, politics, culture and the New Left experience - John Akomfrah 2013 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch this film in the seminar. A documentary presenting a portrait of Stuart Hall and exploring themes of memory, race, and identity.

    2. "Who needs identity?" Chapter of Questions of cultural identity - Stuart Hall

      Chapter Essential See Hall, Stuart. “Who needs ‘identity’?” pp. 1-17.

    3. Other readings 5 items
      1. “Cultural Identity and Diaspora,” Chapter of Identity: community, culture, difference - Stuart Hall

        Chapter Further reading reprinted in Williams & Chrisman. Colonial Discourse and Post-Colonial Theory: A Reader. New York: Columbia University Press, 1993, 392-403.

      2. “The Local and the Global: Globalization and ethnicity’”, Chapter of Culture, globalization, and the world-system - Stuart Hall

        Chapter Further reading reprinted in Dangerous Liaisons, McClintock, Mufti, and Shohat, 173-187.

      3. Chapter 11 of Society must be defended: lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-76 - Michel Foucault

        Chapter Further reading 17 March 1976. Chapter on biopolitics and race

      4. Chapter 3: Identity, Belonging and the Critique of Pure Sameness - Paul Gilroy

        Chapter Further reading Chapter 3: Identity, Belonging and the Critique of Pure Sameness, pp. 97-134

      5. Chapter 1: Colonial studies and the History of Sexuality - Ann Laura Stoler

        Chapter Further reading Chapter 1: Colonial studies and the History of Sexuality. pp. 1-18

    We focus on explorations of queering as part of decoloniality, arguments that postcolonialism retains a heteronormative framing and a commitment to binary logics, and readings that examine the intersection between gender, sexuality and post/colonialism.
    1. Queer Questions - Rahul Rao 03/04/2014

      Article Essential

    2. Other readings 9 items
      1. Borderlands: the new Mestiza = La frontera - Gloria Anzald©ða 2012

        Book Further reading Classic text

      2. ‘Under Western eyes: feminist scholarship and colonial discourses’, Chapter of Colonial discourse and post colonial theory: a reader - Chandra Talpade Mohanty

        Chapter Further reading Classic piece: how white feminism has constructed a monolithic ‘third world woman’

      3. Woman, native, other: writing postcoloniality and feminism - T. Minh-Ha Trinh 1989

        Book Further reading

      4. Queer Phenomenology - Sara Ahmed, Sara Ahmed October 2006 (Paperback)

        Book Further reading

      5. Postcolonial, queer: theoretical intersections - John C. Hawley c2001

        Book Further reading

      6. "Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: The Making of Racist Stereotypes in 19th Century Britain." Chapter of Encounter images in the meetings between Africa and Europe - Bernth Lindfors

        Chapter Further reading Lindfors, Bernth. "Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: The Making of Racist Stereotypes in 19th Century Britain." 54-75.

      7. Chapter 2: "Massa" and Maids: Power and Desire in the Imperial Metropolis - Anne McClintock

        Chapter Further reading Chapter 2: ‘Massa’ and maids: power and desire in the imperial metropolis. 75-131

      8. Can the subaltern speak?: reflections on the history of an idea - Rosalind C. Morris, Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak c2010

        Book Further reading Morris, Rosalind. Introduction; In Morris, Rosalind, ed. Can the Subaltern speak? Reflections on the history of an idea. New York: Columbia University Press, 2010.

    Foucault’s work on disciplinary practices and governmentality has been pivotal in the development of a specifically political approach to postcoloniality. Readings include two pieces that describe such practices in specific contexts: one in colonial Egypt and one in postcolonial aid practices in refugee camps.
    1. The Field as Here and Now, Not There and Then - Jennifer Hyndman 2001

      Article Essential

    2. Dual Disasters: How the 2004 tsunami affected conflict and peace in Aceh, Indonesia Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 6:19 AM

      Audio-visual document Essential Film produced by Jennifer Hyndman. 15 min.

    3. "Ordering disorder" Chapter 5 of Managing displacement: refugees and the politics of humanitarianism - Jennifer Hyndman

      Chapter Essential Chapter 5: Ordering disorder: Sitreps, Headcounts, and other instruments, 117-147.

    4. "Enframing" Chapter 2 of Colonising Egypt - Timothy Mitchell

      Chapter Essential A fascinating study of localized and concrete architectural and planning practices in Egypt.

    5. Other readings 6 items
      1. Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the Third World - Arturo Escobar 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Classic text examining how development discourse produces the Third World. See extracts in ‘The making and unmaking of the Third World through development’, in The Post-development reader, 1997.

      2. The anti-politics machine: "development," depoliticization, and bureaucratic power in Lesotho - James Ferguson 1994 (various printings)

        Book Further reading See summary in The Ecologist, 24 (5) 176-181

      3. "Governmentality" Chapter of Power - Michel Foucault

        Chapter Further reading

      4. "Illegalities and delinquency" Chapter of The Foucault reader - Michel Foucault

        Chapter Further reading This short extract presents Foucault’s argument that the prison is a successful failure; its functions are what must be examined

      5. Post-Development, Developmental State and Genealogy: condemned to develop? - Samer Frangie 08/2011

        Article Further reading Examines the purchase of the governmentality critique in the problem-space of development. Uses David Scott, Conscripts of modernity

      6. Colonial Governmentality - David Scott 23/1995

        Article Further reading

    Readings look at the influential work of Ashis Nandy, a major postcolonial thinker whose work is informed by psychoanalytic perspectives and who examines the impact of colonialism on the colonizer as well as the colonized. Other readings examine calls for a ‘postcolonial ethics’.
    1. Section V of The intimate enemy: loss and recovery of self under colonialism - Ashis Nandy

      Chapter Essential Classic and important text that examines the struggle over subjectivity in the colonial context, and the impact of colonization on colonizer as well as colonised. Particularly Section V, pp. 29-48.

    2. Other readings 5 items
      1. Bonfire of creeds: the essential Ashis Nandy - Ashis Nandy 2010

        Book Further reading

      2. Domination and the arts of resistance: hidden transcripts - James C. Scott, ebrary, Inc c1990 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Chapters 1 & 7 in particular. A very interesting take on forms of resistance, relevant in the context of thinking through ethico-political possibilities.

      3. Affective communities: anticolonial thought, Fin-De-Si©·cle radicalism, and the politics of friendship - Leela Gandhi 2006

        Book Further reading Pays attention to anti-colonial activism in the metropolis and advocates a politics of friendship, drawing on Derrida

      4. Politics of piety: the Islamic revival and the feminist subject - Saba Mahmood 2012

        Book Further reading Another approach that suggests a postcolonial ethics, examining forms of women’s subjectivity and activism in Egypt

    In the final seminar readings focus on the question of postcolonial politics as a field of problematization in the present, and examine the debates on this in the work of David Scott, among others. Both Scott and others ask: What are the questions to which postcolonialism was framed as a response? Do these questions still hold? Stuart Hall’s notion of a politics without guarantees is important here, alongside Scott’s tragic imagination. We will explore our own motivations as academics or potential practitioners. Stuart Hall’s notion of a politics without guarantees is important here, alongside Scott’s tragic imagination. We will explore our own motivations as academics or potential practitioners.
    1. "What an we do to change the world?" Chapter 28 of Global politics: a new introduction - Maja Zehfuss

      Chapter Essential Another version of the impossibility of guarantees/tragic imagination set out by Hall and Scott.

    2. Stuart Hall's ethics - David Scott

      Article Essential Scott, David “Stuart Hall’s ethics,” Small Axe 17 (March 2005): 1-16. Discusses Hall’s work under three headings: the contingency of the present, the evasion of philosophy and an ethics of generosity. An ethics without guarantees, with “no final security against the evils that threaten us on every side”.

    3. Prologue of Conscripts of modernity: the tragedy of colonial enlightenment - David Scott

      Chapter Essential See also Hall, Stuart “David Scott,” Bomb 90 (Winter 2005). Hall interviews Scott about the book.

    4. Other readings 4 items
      1. BOMB Magazine David Scott by Stuart Hall

        Webpage Further reading Hall interviews Scott about the book

      2. "Fanonian futures?" Chapter 8 of Refashioning futures: criticism after postcoloniality - David Scott

        Chapter Further reading Argues that postcolonialism as critique (which succeeded anticolonialism as political practice) has run its course and needs to be replaced by a critique that comes after postcoloniality and is explicitly political

      3. “The Tragic Vision in Postcolonial Time” Article of PMLA - David Scott

        Article Further reading special issue on tragedy.

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