This list relates to the semester Semester Two 2014/15 which ended on 02/05/2015
This list has been archived
    Readings examine the struggles against European imperialism and colonisation in the post second world war period. They raise the question of the role of violence and the place of nationalism in independence struggles in the light of the way in which coloniser and colonised are mutually constituted through cultural and ideological processes that form an important part of what enables colonisation to take place and to be maintained. They include the anti-colonialist writings of Césaire, Memmi, Said and Fanon and discussions of the problems of nationalist struggles from Chatterjee.
    1. Frantz Fanon: black skin, white mask - Isaac Julien, Frantz Fanon 1995 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Essential The film introduces a number of themes that will be pursued later, for example, resistance, racism, gender and sexuality, hybridity. Available on YouTube in five parts: We will watch this film in the seminar

    2. Chapter of Discourse on colonialism

      Chapter Essential Especially pages 9-25.

    3. Chapter of Nationalist thought and the colonial world: a derivative discourse

      Chapter Essential Chatterjee’s notion of ‘derivative discourse’. Especially Chapter 1.

    4. The wretched of the earth - Frantz Fanon 1967 (various printings)

      Book Essential Especially chapter 1: Concerning violence, Chapter 3: The Pitfalls of National Consciousness, and the Preface by Jean Paul Sartre. Does an independence struggle need to be violent?

    5. The Colonizer and the colonized - Albert Memmi, Jean-Paul Sartre 2003

      Book Essential Especially ‘The two answers of the colonized’

    6. Resistance and opposition

      Chapter Essential Said's distinction between nationalist independence and liberation

    Examines one of the foundational writers of postcolonialism, Frantz Fanon, and his text Black Skin, White Masks. We pick up here particularly on his experiences as a Frenchman from Martinique who encounters racism on his arrival in Paris.
    1. Shames and Rage

      Chapter Essential pp. 11-25, ‘Shame and Rage’. A short but impassioned critique of IR; section on US soldiers in Iraq interesting in relation to experiences of French in Algeria.

    2. Black skin, white masks - Frantz Fanon 1986

      Book Essential A foundational text of postcolonial studies. Think about the style of writing as well as what is being said.

    3. Madness and civilization: a history of insanity in the age of reason - Michel Foucault, Richard Howard 1971 (1993 and 1997 printing)

      Book Essential Preface: A short (4 page) essay on madness, reason and confinement, interesting in relation to Fanon’s work in Algeria. Chapter 9 The Birth of the Asylum

    4. Critical theorists and international relations - Jenny Edkins, Nick Vaughan-Williams 2009 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Muppidi, Himadeep ‘Fanon’, in Edkins and Vaughan-Williams, ed. Critical Theorists in International Relations. ( A short introduction to Fanon in the context of international relations.

    5. Michel Foucault: the will to truth - Alan Sheridan 1980 (various printings)

      Book Essential Chapter 1, ‘Madness, death and the Birth of Reason.’ Provides a reading of Foucault’s Madness and Civilisation

    6. Seminar 2: Other reading 1 item
      1. Frantz Fanon: critical perspectives - Anthony C. Alessandrini, ebrary, Inc 1999 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Excellent collection with chapters by eminent scholars.

    Readings examine the argument that certain strands of thinking can be said to have emerged from the Algerian war, not only the work of Fanon but also that of Derrida and post-structural writers in general. We begin by examining Foucault’s work on power/knowledge, and its importance for understanding the way in which ‘truth’ functions politically, and looking at how our own knowledge is ‘situated’.
    1. Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977 - Michel Foucault, Colin Gordon 1980 (various printings)

      Book Essential Section from 'Truth and Power' pages 131-133

    2. Autobiographical international relations: I, IR - Naeem Inayatullah 2011

      Book Essential Naeem Inayatullah, ,"Falling and Flying: An Introduction." pp. 1-12

    3. Monolingualism of the other, or, The prosthesis of origin - Jacques Derrida 1998

      Book Essential

    4. Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977 - Michel Foucault, Colin Gordon 1980 (various printings)

      Book Essential 'Two Lectures' 78-108). Another translation of ‘Two Lectures’ is in Michel Foucault, ‘Society Must Be Defended’ (Penguin/Picador, 2003), 1-42.

    5. Epistemic disobedience, independent thought and decolonial freedom - Mignolo, Walter D.

      Journal Essential Walter Mignolo’s notion of de-colonial knowledges

  4. Seminar 4: ORIENTALISM AND HYBRIDITY 7 items
    Readings explore two concepts that were key in the development of postcolonial studies: orientalism, which is associated with the classic work of Edward Said, work that is credited with inaugurating the field of postcolonial theory and draws on Michel Foucault; and hybridity, a concept developed by Homi Bhabha and one that is much contested. Bhabha draws on Derrida and Lacan as well as Foucault and Fanon.
    1. A Passage to India - David Lean 1991 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch selections from this film in the seminar. Mistrust and false accusations doom a friendship in 1920s British colonial India between an Indian doctor, an Englishwoman engaged to marry a city magistrate, and an English educator. 16 parts

    2. The location of culture - Homi K. Bhabha 2004 (2008 printing)

      Book Essential Bhabha, Homi K. "Introduction: Locations of Culture," in The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994: 1-18.

    3. Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci - Antonio Gramsci, Quintin Hoare, Geoffrey Nowell-Smith 1971 (various printings)

      Book Essential pp. 323-325. This is the passage from Gramsci that Said refers to in the video below.

    4. The postcolonial politics of development - Ilan Kapoor 2008

      Book Essential Kapoor. Ilan “Acting in a tight spot: Homi Bhabha’s Postcolonial Politics.” New Political Science 2003 25 (4) 561-577. Also reprinted as Chapter 7 in The Postcolonial Politics of Development

    5. Globalization and postcolonialism: hegemony and resistance in the twenty-first century - Sankaran Krishna 2009

      Book Essential Chapter 3, particularly the discussion of Said (72-80) and Bhabha (89-98).

    6. Edward Said On Orientalism 28/10/2012

      Audio-visual document Essential The final section is particularly interesting

    Readings examine the work of the subaltern studies group, and the recent work of Dipesh Chakrabarty, who argues for what he calls “provincializing Europe.” In a context framed by liberal western ideologies it is questionable whether the oppressed — the subaltern — has even the possibility of a voice, let alone of being heard. The term subaltern comes from Gramsci. Work using the notion of the subaltern (and indeed the writings of the Subaltern Studies Group) has been developed in Latin America; its uses in studies of indigeneity are being explored at the moment.
    1. Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for "Indian" Pasts? - Chakrabarty, Dipesh

      Journal Essential Original statement of thesis on provincializing Europe.

    2. A companion to postcolonial studies - Sangeeta Ray, Henry Schwarz 2005

      Book Essential Chapter 24: Chakrabarty Dipesh “A small history of subaltern studies’

    3. Provincializing Europe: postcolonial thought and historical difference - Dipesh Chakrabarty 2008 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential New preface by the author 2007; Introduction available at and in pdf from that site. Argues that while the categories of European thought are ‘indispensible’, they are ‘inadequate’. Influential book.

    4. Selected Subaltern Studies - Ranajit Guha; Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak - Oxford University Press

      Webpage Essential Ranajit Guha In Selected subaltern studies / edited by Ranajit Guha and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Statement of position by the Subaltern Studies collective.

  6. Seminar 6: IDENTITY, RACE AND DIASPORA 7 items
    Postcolonial politics, in contrast to International Relations, has emphasized the politics of race and gender. In this seminar, readings examine identity and race in particular, using the work of Stuart Hall as exemplary, and look also at questions of the ambiguity and impossibility of any identification, focusing on the question of diaspora. Michel Foucault’s work on biopolitics and race, and volume one of History of Sexuality, is relevant here, and his Society must be Defended lectures. We will watch selections from John Akomfrah’s The Stuart Hall Project: Revolution, politics, culture and the New Left experience. UK, 2013. 95 mins. A documentary presenting a portrait of Stuart Hall and exploring themes of memory, race, and identity.
    1. The Stuart Hall Project (DVD) - John Akomfrah

      Audio-visual document Essential

    2. Questions of cultural identity - Stuart Hall, Paul Du Gay 1996 (various printings)

      Book Essential See Hall, Stuart. “Who needs ‘identity’?” pp. 1-17.

    3. Society must be defended: lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-76 - Michel Foucault, Mauro Bertani, Alessandro Fontana, David Macey 2003 (various printings)

      Book Essential 17 March 1976. Chapter on biopolitics and race

    4. The history of sexuality - Michel Foucault 1990

      Book Essential

    5. Stuart Hall: critical dialogues in cultural studies - Stuart Hall, David Morley, Kuan-Hsing Chen 1996

      Book Essential See Hall, Stuart, (2003) ‘The formation of a diasporic intellectual: Interview with Kuan-Hsing Chen’ pp.484–503

    6. Understanding modern societies: 4: Modernity and its futures - Stuart Hall, David Held, Anthony G. McGrew 1992 (various printings)

      Book Essential Hall, Stuart. "The question of cultural identity." pp. 274-325.

    Readings include two classic pieces: Gayatri Spivak’s “Can the subaltern speak?” with its discussion of sati (widow burning) and suicide, and Chandra Mohanty’s “Under Western eyes,” a critique of western feminisms. Readings also include explorations of queering as part of decoloniality, arguing that postcolonialism retains a heteronormative framing and a commitment to binary logics.
    1. Colonial discourse and post colonial theory: a reader - Laura Chrisman, Patrick Williams 1993 (various printings)

      Book Essential Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Section IV. 90-104. Classic piece: Spivak is one of the most often cited feminist postcolonial writers but is notoriously difficult to read — I focus on where she deals with sati and suicide, section IV.

    2. Encounter images in the meetings between Africa and Europe - Mai Palmberg 2001

      Book Essential Lindfors, Bernth. "Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: The Making of Racist Stereotypes in 19th Century Britain." 54-75.

    3. Woman, native, other: writing postcoloniality and feminism - T. Minh-Ha Trinh 1989

      Book Essential

    Foucault’s work on disciplinary practices and governmentality has been pivotal in the development of a specifically political approach to postcoloniality. Readings include two pieces that describe such practices in specific contexts: one in colonial Egypt and one in postcolonial aid practices in refugee camps. Critical postcolonial approaches to development were influenced by the work of Foucault and his notion of power, and by Said's Orientalism. We shall also discuss fieldwork and activism, in particular through Jennifer Hyndman’s work, including “The Field as Here and Now, Not There and Then”, Geographical Review, 2001, 91 (1-2): 262-272.
    1. The Field as Here and Now, Not There and Then - Jennifer Hyndman 2001

      Article Essential

    2. Discipline and punish: the birth of the prison - Michel Foucault, Alison Sheridan 1991

      Book Essential Michel Foucault, ‘Illegalities and Delinquency’ pages 226-233. This short extract presents Foucault’s argument that the prison is a successful failure; its functions are what must be examined.

    3. Development, security and unending war: governing the world of peoples - Mark R. Duffield 2007 (various printings)

      Book Essential Development as a form of biopolitical governance that maintains relations of inequality; Chapter 2: NGOs, Permanent Emergency and Decolonisation.

    4. Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the Third World - Arturo Escobar 2012 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Classic text examining how development discourse produces the Third World. See extracts in ‘The making and unmaking of the Third World through development’, in The Post-development reader, 1997.

    5. The post-development reader - Majid Rahnema, Victoria Bawtree 1997

      Book Essential Escobar, ‘The making and unmaking of the Third World through development’, includes extracts from Encountering Development'

    6. The anti-politics machine: "development," depoliticization, and bureaucratic power in Lesotho - James Ferguson 1994 (various printings)

      Book Essential See summary in The Ecologist, 24 (5) 176-181

    7. Managing displacement: refugees and the politics of humanitarianism - Jennifer Hyndman, ebrary, Inc c2000 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Chapter 5: Ordering disorder: Sitreps, Headcounts, and other instruments, 117-147.

    Readings look at the influential work of Ashis Nandy, a major postcolonial thinker whose work is informed by psychoanalytic perspectives and who examines the impact of colonialism on the colonizer as well as the colonized. Other readings examine calls for a ‘postcolonial ethics’.
    1. The intimate enemy: loss and recovery of self under colonialism - Ashis Nandy 1988 (2000 printing)

      Book Essential Classic and important text that examines the struggle over subjectivity in the colonial context, and the impact of colonization on colonizer as well as colonised. Particularly Section V, pp. 29-48.

    2. The essential works of Michel Foucault, 1954-1984 - Michel Foucault, Paul Rabinow, Robert Hurley, James D. Faubion c1997-

      Book Essential Foucault, Michel “An ethics of the concern of the self as a practice of freedom,” in Paul Rabinow, ed. Michel Foucault, Ethics, Subjectivity and Truth (The New Press, 1994), 281-301. Foucault’s ethics of the self.

    3. The postcolonial unconscious - Neil Lazarus 2011

      Book Essential Introduction (pages 1-10 on Cambridge University Press web site )

    4. Domination and the arts of resistance: hidden transcripts - James C. Scott, ebrary, Inc c1990 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Chapters 1 & 7 in particular. A very interesting take on forms of resistance, relevant in the context of thinking through ethico-political possibilities.

    In the final seminar readings focus on the question of postcolonial politics as a field of problematization in the present, and examine the debates on this in the work of David Scott, among others. Both Scott and others ask: What are the questions to which postcolonialism was framed as a response? Do these questions still hold? Stuart Hall’s notion of a politics without guarantees is important here, alongside Scott’s tragic imagination. We will explore our own motivations as academics or potential practitioners.
    1. Stuart Hall's ethics - David Scott

      Article Essential Scott, David “Stuart Hall’s ethics,” Small Axe 17 (March 2005): 1-16. Discusses Hall’s work under three headings: the contingency of the present, the evasion of philosophy and an ethics of generosity. An ethics without guarantees, with “no final security against the evils that threaten us on every side”.

    2. The post-colonial question: common skies, divided horizons - Iain Chambers, Lidia Curti, ebrary, Inc 1996 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Hall, Stuart “When was the postcolonial: Thinking at the limit” in The post-colonial question, 242- Very interesting survey of the postcolonial move and a rejoinder to Dirlik.

    3. Conscripts of modernity: the tragedy of colonial enlightenment - David Scott 2004

      Book Essential See also Hall, Stuart “David Scott,” Bomb 90 (Winter 2005). Hall interviews Scott about the book.

    4. Global politics: a new introduction - Jenny Edkins, Maja Zehfuss 2014 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential Zehfuss, Maja. (2008) “What can we do to change the world?” in Global Politics, 483-501. Another version of the impossibility of guarantees/tragic imagination set out by Hall and Scott.

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