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  1. General information 1 item
    If you require any assistance in using library resources - both hard copy and electronic - you are welcome to contact the Subject Librarian for the Department of History and Welsh History, contact details and links to useful general resources are provided in the following item
  2. Core Texts 5 items
    1. Germany since 1945 - Lothar Kettenacker 1997

      Book Essential

    2. Germany since 1945 - Pól Ó Dochartaigh 2004 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential

    3. After Hitler: recivilizing Germans, 1945-1995 - Konrad Hugo Jarausch, ebrary, Inc 2006 (electronic resource)

      Book Essential

  3. General Literature 1 item
    1. Germany's present, Germany's past - Ian Kershaw, University of London. Institute of Germanic Studies 1992

      Book Essential

  4. Primary Source Collections 3 items
    1. Germany, 1945-1949: a sourcebook - Manfred Malzahn 1991

      Book Essential

    2. Documents on Germany under occupation, 1945-1954 - Beate Ruhm von Oppen 1955

      Book Further reading

    3. Berlin; the wall is not forever - Eleanor Lansing Dulles 1967

      Book Essential

  5. Historiographical Works 16 items
    1. Books 5 items
      1. Interpretations of the two Germanies, 1945-1990 - Mary Fulbrook 2000

        Book Further reading

      2. The divided past: rewriting post-war German history - Christoph Klessmann, ebrary, Inc 2001 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading

      3. The Collapse of the Counter-narrative: Coping with the Remains of Socialism - Konrad Jarausch, Martin Geyer

        Chapter Further reading

      4. The East German dictatorship: problems and perspectives in the interpretation of the GDR - Corey Ross c2002

        Book Further reading

    2. Articles 11 items
      1. New German Critique

        Journal Further reading •New German Critique 44 (spring/summer 1988) is devoted solely to the Historikerstreit with contributions from Habermas, Mary Nolan, Andrei S. Markovits, Martin Broszat, Saul Friedlaender, Hans-Georg Betz, and Anson Rabinbach

      2. The War of the German Historians - Gordon A. Craig January 15, 1987

        Article Further reading

      3. Putting the People Back in: The Contentious State of GDR History - Mary Fulbrook 2006

        Article Further reading Review essay of recent works

      4. East Germany and Its History since 1989* - Catherine Epstein 09/2003

        Article Further reading

  6. Select Bibliography 252 items
    1. The End of the Unitary Reich 10 items
      1. Berlin: the downfall 1945 - Antony Beevor 2007

        Book Further reading

      2. D-Day: the battle for Normandy - Antony Beevor 2014

        Book Further reading

      3. The Second World War: Vol. 1: The German war, 1939-1942 - Jeremy Black cop. 2007

        Book Further reading

      4. The end of the war in Europe, 1945 - Gillian Bennett, British National Committee for the History of the Second World War, Conference on the End of the War in Europe 1996

        Book Further reading

      5. Armageddon: the battle for Germany, 1944-45 - Max Hastings 2004

        Book Further reading

      6. Overlord: D-day and the battle for Normandy 1944 - Max Hastings 2015

        Book Further reading

      7. All hell let loose: the world at war 1939-45 - Max Hastings 2012

        Book Further reading

      8. The end: Hitler's Germany, 1944-45 - Ian Kershaw 2012

        Book Further reading

      9. The German War: a nation under arms, 1939-1945 - Nicholas Stargardt 2015

        Book Further reading

    2. Defeat, Expulsion and Occupation, 1945-8 48 items
      1. Occupation 14 items
        1. German Reaction to Defeat and Occupation - Josef Foschepoth

          Chapter Further reading

        2. Allied Occupation of Germany, The: The Refugee Crisis, Denazification and the Path to Reconstruction - Francis Graham-Dixon 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading See NLW

        3. Germany 1945: from war to peace - Richard Bessel 2009

          Book Further reading chapter 9

        4. GIS and Germans - Petra Goedde 2014

          Book Further reading

        5. Democracy imposed: U.S. occupation policy and the German public, 1945-1949 - Richard L. Merritt c1995

          Book Further reading

        6. America and the shaping of German society, 1945-1955 - Michael Ermarth 1993

          Book Further reading

        7. After the Reich: The Brutal History of the Allied Occupation - Giles MacDonogh 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading Part II: Allied Zones 6-9 and 11; See NLW

        8. 1946: the making of the modern world - Victor Sebestyen 2015

          Book  Chapter 11 - Rape and Pillage

        9. Black Market, Cold War: Everyday Life in Berlin, 1946-1949 - Paul Steege 2008

          Book Further reading

        10. Death in Berlin - Monica Black 2010

          Book 

      2. Women during the Occupation 4 items
        1. A Question of Silence: The Rape of German Women by Occupation Soldiers - Albert Grossmann

          Chapter Further reading

        2. The Russians in Germany: a history of the Soviet Zone of occupation, 1945-1949 - Norman M. Naimark 1995

          Book Further reading chapter 2

        3. What difference does a husband make?: women and marital status in Nazi and postwar Germany - Elizabeth D. Heineman 2003

          Book Further reading See Chapter 4; See NLW

      3. Expellees and Refugees from Eastern Europe 14 items
        1. Berlin: the downfall 1945 - Antony Beevor 2007

          Book Further reading chapter 1-5

        2. Germany 1945: from war to peace - Richard Bessel 2009

          Book Further reading chapter 8.

        3. Orderly and humane: the expulsion of the Germans after the Second World War - R. M. Douglas 2012

          Book Further reading (podcast also available: New Books in German History http://newbooksingermanstudies.com/crossposts/r-m-douglas-orderly-and-humane-the-expulsion-of-the-germans-after-the-second-world-war-yale-up-2012/) ; See NLW

        4. A terrible revenge: the ethnic cleansing of the East European Germans - Alfred M. De Zayas 2006

          Book Further reading

        5. Refugees and Expellees in Post-War Germany - Ian Connor 2014

          Book Further reading See NLW

        6. After the expulsion: West Germany and Eastern Europe, 1945-1990 - Pertti Ahonen 2003

          Book Further reading

        7. 1946: the making of the modern world - Victor Sebestyen 2015

          Book Further reading Chapter 12 - 'Anywhere but Home'

        8. Die Vertreibung im deutschen Erinnern: Legenden, Mythos, Geschichte - Eva Hahnová, Hans-Henning Hahn c2010

          Book Further reading

        9. Zur Ästhetik des Verlusts: Bilder von Heimat, Flucht und Vertreibung ; Referate der Tagung des Johannes-Künzig-Instituts für ostdeutsche Volkskunde 8. bis 10. Juli 2009 - Elisabeth Fendl, Johannes-Künzig-Institut für Ostdeutsche Volkskunde, Tagung des Johannes-Künzig-Instituts für ostdeutsche Volkskunde 2010

          Book 

      4. Division of Germany 12 items
        1. The rise and fall of the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1990 - Mike Dennis 2000

          Book Further reading See Part 1

        2. The German question and the origins of the Cold War - Nicolas Lewkowicz c2008

          Book Further reading

        3. From Dismantling to Currency Reform. Eternal Origins of the Dictatorship. 1943-1948 - Jochen Laufer

          Chapter Further reading

        4. The Berlin Blockade Revisited - Daniel F. Harrington 1984

          Article Further reading

        5. 1946: the making of the modern world - Victor Sebestyen 2015

          Book Further reading Chapter 9 - The Declaration of Cold War

      5. Stunde Null 2 items
        1. 1946: the making of the modern world - Victor Sebestyen 2015

          Book Further reading Chapter 4 - Stunde Null - Zero Hour

      6. Life after death: approaches to a cultural and social history of Europe during the 1940s and 1950s - Richard Bessel, Dirk Schumann 2003

        Book Further reading

      7. Germany and the Aftermath of the Second World War - Pertti Ahonen

        Journal Further reading This article gives an overview of the historiography of the aftermath of the Second World War in Germany

    3. Denazification 16 items
      1. Exorcising Hitler: the occupation and denazification of Germany - Fred Taylor 2012

        Book Further reading

      2. The making of the GDR, 1945-53: from antifascism to Stalinism - Gareth Pritchard 2004

        Book Further reading chapter 4.

      3. Adenauer's Germany and the Nazi Past: The Politics of Amnesty and Integration - Norbert Frei, Joel Golb 2010 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading

      4. Adenauer's Foreign Office: West German Diplomacy in the Shadow of the Third Reich - Thomas W. Maulucci 1900 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading

      5. The denazification of Germany: a history 1945-1950 - Alexander Perry Biddiscombe 2007

        Book Further reading

      6. Denazification in Soviet-occupied Germany: Brandenberg, 1945-1948 - Timothy R. Vogt 2000

        Book Further reading

      7. The Antifascist Classroom: Denazification in Soviet-occupied Germany, 1945-1949 - Benita Blessing 2006 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading

      8. Traumatic Memories of the Second World War and After - by Peter Leese, Jason Crouthamel

        Book Further reading Chapter 7

    4. The FRG: Adenauer, the Wirtschaftswunder and Westbindung 21 items
      1. Politics and Economy 13 items
        1. The making of German democracy: West Germany during the Adenauer era, 1945-65 - Armin Grünbacher, Armin Grünbacher c2010

          Book Further reading

        2. The ambivalent alliance: Konrad Adenauer, the CDU/CSU, and the West, 1949-1966 - Ronald J. Granieri 2003

          Book Further reading

        3. Coming of age: German foreign policy since 1945 - Helga Haftendorn c2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading chapters 1-4

        4. Germans to the front: West German rearmament in the Adenauer era - David Clay Large c1996

          Book Further reading

        5. Germans to the front: West German rearmament in the Adenauer era - David Clay Large c1996

          Book Further reading

        6. Consuming Germany in the Cold War - David F. Crew 2003 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        7. Rebuilding Germany: the creation of the social market economy, 1945-1957 - James C. Van Hook, ebrary, Inc 2004 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        8. From Bismarck to Adenauer: aspects of German statecraft - Gordon Alexander Craig 1958

          Book Further reading chapter 5

        9. Understanding West German economic growth in the 1950s - Barry Eichengreen, Albrecht Ritschl 10/2009

          Article Further reading

      2. Society 8 items
        1. Mission to Happiness: The Cohort of 1949 and the Making of East and West German - D Wierling

          Chapter Further reading

        2. Joschka Fischer and the making of the Berlin Republic: an alternative history of postwar Germany - Paul Hockenos, ebrary, Inc 2008 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading chapters 1-2

        3. Sex after fascism: memory and morality in twentieth-century Germany - Dagmar Herzog 2007 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading chapter 2-3

    5. The GDR: Soviet Union in miniature on the Elbe 26 items
      1. The people's state: East German society from Hitler to Honecker - Mary Fulbrook 2008

        Book Further reading

      2. The German Democratic Republic - Peter Grieder 2012

        Book Further reading

      3. Conflict and stability in the German Democratic Republic - Andrew I. Port 2009

        Book Further reading

      4. The making of the GDR, 1945-53: from antifascism to Stalinism - Gareth Pritchard 2004

        Book Further reading chapters 5-7

      5. Creating German communism, 1890-1990: from popular protests to socialist state - Eric D. Weitz c1997

        Book Further reading see chapter 9

      6. The rise and fall of the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1990 - Mike Dennis 2000

        Book Further reading see part 2

      7. The GDR: A Special Kind of Modern Dictatorship - Jürgen Kocka

        Chapter Further reading

      8. Foreign Influences on the Dictatorial Development of the GDR, 1949-1955 - Michael Lemke

        Chapter Further reading

      9. Repression and Tolerance as Methods of Rule in Communist Societies - Mario Keßler, Thomas Klein

        Chapter Further reading

      10. The East German dictatorship: problems and perspectives in the interpretation of the GDR - Corey Ross c2002

        Book Further reading chapter 2

      11. From Junker Estate to co-operative farm: East German agrarian society 1945-61 - Jonathon Osmond

        Chapter Further reading

      12. The Workers' and peasants' state: communism and society in East Germany under Ulbricht 1945-71 - Patrick Major, Jonathan Osmond 2002

        Book Further reading part 1

      13. 1953 10 items
        1. Workers and the Socialist Unity Party of Germany in the summer of 1953 - Gareth Pritchard

          Chapter Further reading

        2. The making of the GDR, 1945-53: from antifascism to Stalinism - Gareth Pritchard 2004

          Book Further reading see chapter 8

        3. Conflict and stability in the German Democratic Republic - Andrew I. Port 2009

          Book Further reading chapter 3

        4. Anatomy of a dictatorship: inside the GDR, 1949-1989 - Mary Fulbrook 2009

          Book Further reading chapter 7

        5. Revolution and resistance in Eastern Europe: challenges to communist rule - Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe 2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading chapter 3

        6. The Berlin Wall: 13 August 1961-9 November 1989 - Fred Taylor 2009

          Book Further reading

        7. Revolution and resistance in Eastern Europe: challenges to communist rule - Kevin McDermott, Matthew Stibbe 2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading Chapter 3 - The SED, German Communism and the June 1953 Uprising: New Trends and New Research.

    6. The Berlin Wall Crisis, 1958-1963 13 items
      1. Berlin; the wall is not forever - Eleanor Lansing Dulles 1967

        Book Further reading

      2. The Berlin crisis, 1958-1962 - Jack M. Schick 1971

        Book Further reading

      3. Going West: The Open Border and the Problem of Republikflucht - Patrick Major

        Chapter Further reading

      4. Germany divided: from the wall to reunification - A. James McAdams c1993 (1994 printing)

        Book Further reading chapters 1 and 2

      5. The Berlin Wall crisis: perspectives on Cold War alliances - John P. S. Gearson, Kori N. Schake 2002

        Book Further reading

      6. Behind the Berlin Wall: East Germany and the frontiers of power - Patrick Major 2011

        Book Further reading See Part 1 and 2

      7. Driving the Soviets up the Wall: Soviet-East German Relations, 1953-1961 - Hope M. Harrison 2011 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading

      8. The Berlin Crisis 1958-1962 - Elisabeth Barker 01/1963

        Article Further reading

    7. The Federal Republic: State and Society and 1960s+70s/w 31 items
      1. 1960s 13 items
        1. A history of West Germany Democracy and its Discontents 1963-1991 - Dennis L. Bark 1993

          Book Further reading

        2. Germany divided: from the wall to reunification - A. James McAdams c1993 (1994 printing)

          Book Further reading chapter 3

        3. The Bonn Republic: West German democracy, 1945-1990 - Anthony James Nicholls 1997

          Book Further reading See Chapters 5 to 8

        4. Joschka Fischer and the making of the Berlin Republic: an alternative history of postwar Germany - Paul Hockenos, ebrary, Inc 2008 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading See Volume 2

        5. 1968 as Event, Milieu, and Ideology - J.W. Müller

          Chapter Further reading

        6. Guest Workers and Policy on Guest Workers in the Federal Republic - Ulrich Herbert

          Chapter Further reading

        7. From Starvation to Excess? Trends in the Consumer Society from the 1940s to the 1970 - Arnold Sywottek

          Chapter Further reading

        8. Sex after fascism: memory and morality in twentieth-century Germany - Dagmar Herzog 2007 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading See Chapter 4

        9. Jazz, rock, and rebels: cold war politics and American culture in a divided Germany - Uta G. Poiger, ebrary, Inc c2000 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

      2. 1970s, Willy Brandt and Ostpolitik 18 items
        1. People and politics: the years 1960-1975 - Willy Brandt 1978

          Book Further reading

        2. My life in politics - Willy Brandt 1992

          Book Further reading

        3. The Bonn Republic: West German democracy, 1945-1990 - Anthony James Nicholls 1997

          Book Further reading chapter 9 and 10

        4. Germany's foreign policy towards Poland and the Czech Republic: Ostpolitik revisited - Karl Cordell, Stefan Wolff 2005

          Book Further reading

        5. Coming of age: German foreign policy since 1945 - Helga Haftendorn c2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading chapter 5

        6. The East-West Problem as Seen from Berlin: Willy Brandt’s Early Ostpolitik - Gottfried Niedhart

          Chapter Further reading

        7. The foundations of Ostpolitik: the making of the Moscow Treaty between West Germany and the USSR - Julia Von Dannenberg, ebrary, Inc c2008 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        8. The emergence of détente in Europe: Brandt, Kennedy and the formation of Ostpolitik - Arne Hofmann 2007

          Book Further reading

        9. Dealing with the Devil: East Germany, Detente, and Ostpolitik, 1969-1973 - M. E. Sarotte 2001 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        10. Within walls: private life in the German Democratic Republic - Paul Betts 2012

          Book Further reading

        11. German Policy toward the East - Willy Brandt 1968

          Article Further reading

        12. Poland's Western Frontier and the 1970 Treaties - Krzysztof Skubiszewski 01/1973

          Article Further reading

        13. Globalising Ostpolitik - Sara Lorenzini 2009-5

          Article Further reading

    8. State and the Society in the GDR 16 items
      1. The rise and fall of the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1990 - Mike Dennis 2000

        Book Further reading parts 3 and 4

      2. The people's state: East German society from Hitler to Honecker - Mary Fulbrook 2008

        Book Further reading

      3. Creating German communism, 1890-1990: from popular protests to socialist state - Eric D. Weitz c1997

        Book Further reading chapter 10

      4. The East German dictatorship: problems and perspectives in the interpretation of the GDR - Corey Ross c2002

        Book Further reading chapters 4-5

      5. The Workers' and peasants' state: communism and society in East Germany under Ulbricht 1945-71 - Patrick Major, Jonathan Osmond 2002

        Book Further reading part 2 and 3

      6. Reforming Socialism? The Changing of the Guard from Ulbricht to Honecker during the 1960s - Monika Kaiser

        Chapter Further reading

      7. Anatomy of a dictatorship: inside the GDR, 1949-1989 - Mary Fulbrook 2009

        Book Further reading

      8. Mobility and Blockage during the 1970s - R Jessen

        Chapter Further reading

      9. Sex after fascism: memory and morality in twentieth-century Germany - Dagmar Herzog 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading chapter 5

      10. The people's state: East German society from Hitler to Honecker - Mary Fulbrook 2008

        Book Further reading

      11. Socialist modern: East German everyday culture and politics - Katherine Pence, Paul Betts c2008

        Book Further reading

    9. The Red Army Faction 11 items
      1. Baader-Meinhof returns: history and cultural memory of German left-wing terrorism - Gerrit-Jan Berendse, Ingo Cornils 2008

        Book 

      2. The decline of the red army faction - Hans Josef Horchem 06/1991

        Article Further reading

      3. The Red Army Faction: a documentary history, Volume 1: Projectiles for the people - J. Smith, André Moncourt, Bill Dunne, Russell Shoats 2009

        Book Further reading

      4. Remembering the Red Army Faction - C. Bielby 01/04/2010

        Article Further reading

    10. West Germany in the 1980s 8 items
      1. Germany divided: from the wall to reunification - A. James McAdams c1993 (1994 printing)

        Book Further reading chapter 5

      2. Three Germanies: West Germany, East Germany and the Berlin Republic - Michael Gehler 2011

        Book Further reading chapter 6

      3. The Bonn Republic: West German democracy, 1945-1990 - Anthony James Nicholls 1997

        Book Further reading chapter 11

      4. The German Greens: a social and political profile - Werner Hülsberg 1988

        Book Further reading

      5. The Greens in West Germany: organisation and policy making - Eva Kolinsky 1989

        Book Further reading

      6. Sex after fascism: memory and morality in twentieth-century Germany - Dagmar Herzog 2007 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading chapter 6

      7. Dissolution: the crisis of Communism and the end of East Germany - Charles S. Maier c1997

        Book Further reading

    11. The Fall of the Berlin Wall and Unification 13 items
      1. Creating German communism, 1890-1990: from popular protests to socialist state - Eric D. Weitz c1997

        Book Further reading chapter 9

      2. The rise and fall of the German Democratic Republic, 1945-1990 - Mike Dennis 2000

        Book Further reading parts 5 and 6

      3. Three Germanies: West Germany, East Germany and the Berlin Republic - Michael Gehler 2011

        Book Further reading chapter 7

      4. Germany divided: from the wall to reunification - A. James McAdams c1993 (1994 printing)

        Book Further reading chapter 6

      5. Anatomy of a dictatorship: inside the GDR, 1949-1989 - Mary Fulbrook 2009

        Book Further reading chapter 8

      6. The East German dictatorship: problems and perspectives in the interpretation of the GDR - Corey Ross c2002

        Book Further reading chapters 5 and 6

      7. Dissolution: the crisis of Communism and the end of East Germany - Charles S. Maier c1997

        Book Further reading

      8. German unification: the destruction of an economy - Hanna Behrend 1995

        Book Further reading

      9. The end of the GDR and the problems of integration: selected papers from the sixteenth and seventeenth New Hampshire Symposia on the German Democratic Republic - Margy Gerber, Roger Woods, New Hampshire Symposium on the German Democratic Republic 1993

        Book Further reading

      10. Dislocation and reorientation: exile, division, and the end of communism in German culture and politics : in honour of Ian Wallace - Axel Goodbody, Pól Ó Dochartaigh, Dennis Tate, Ian Wallace 2009

        Book Further reading

      11. 20 years since the fall of the Berlin Wall: transitions, state break-up and democratic politics in Central Europe and Germany - Elisabeth Bakke, Ingo Peters ©2011

        Book Further reading

      12. The East German church and the end of communism - John P. Burgess, ebrary, Inc c1997 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading

    12. Re-Unification and Beyond 17 items
      1. Germany divided: from the wall to reunification - A. James McAdams c1993 (1994 printing)

        Book Further reading chapter 7

      2. Uniting Germany: documents and debates, 1944-1993 - Volker Gransow, Konrad Hugo Jarausch 1994

        Book Further reading

      3. Three Germanies: West Germany, East Germany and the Berlin Republic - Michael Gehler 2011

        Book Further reading chapters 8-11

      4. Germans as victims: remembering the past in comtemporary Germany - William John Niven 2006

        Book Further reading chapters 6 and 7

      5. Memorialization in Germany since 1945 - William John Niven, Chloe E. M. Paver 2010

        Book Further reading chapters 6 and 7

      6. Germans Divided? Political Culture in a United Germany - Russell J. Dalton, Steven Weldon 03/2010

        Article Further reading

      7. German soccer, the 2010 World Cup and Multicultural Belonging - Maria Stehle, Beverly M. Weber 2013

        Article Further reading

    13. Memory and the legacy of Nazism and Communism 22 items
      1. Nazism 13 items
        1. Divided memory: the Nazi past in the two Germanys - Jeffrey Herf, American Council of Learned Societies 1997 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        2. German national identity after the Holocaust - Mary Fulbrook 1999 (various printings)

          Book Further reading

        3. Germans as victims: remembering the past in comtemporary Germany - William John Niven 2006

          Book Further reading

        4. Facing the Nazi past: united Germany and the legacy of the Third Reich - William John Niven 2002 (various printings)

          Book Further reading

        5. Memorialization in Germany since 1945 - William John Niven, Chloe E. M. Paver 2010

          Book Further reading

        6. German memory contests: the quest for identity in literature, film, and discourse since 1990 - Anne Fuchs, Mary Cosgrove, Georg Grote 2006 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        7. Ambiguous memory: the Nazi past and German national identity - Siobhan Kattago 2001

          Book Further reading

        8. Bending spines: the propagandas of Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic - Randall L. Bytwerk c2004

          Book Further reading

        9. Nazism - Neil Gregor 2000

          Book Further reading See section G - the Legacy of Nazi Germany

      2. Communism 9 items
        1. Memorialization in Germany since 1945 - William John Niven, Chloe E. M. Paver 2010

          Book Further reading

        2. Germans as victims: remembering the past in comtemporary Germany - William John Niven 2006

          Book Further reading

        3. Representing East Germany since unification: from colonization to nostalgia - Paul Cooke 2005

          Book Further reading

        4. Shattered Past: Reconstructing German Histories - Konrad H. Jarausch, Michael Geyer 2009 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

        5. Remembering and rethinking the GDR: multiple perspectives and plural authenticities - Anna Saunders, Debbie Pinfold 2013 (electronic resource)

          Book Further reading

  7. The Oxford handbook of postwar European history - Dan Stone 2012

    Chapter Further reading Chapter 2 - Richard Overy, ‘Interwar, War, Postwar: Was there a Zero Hour in 1945?’