This list relates to the semester Semester 2 2015-2016 which ended on 28/05/2016
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    Readings examine the struggles against European imperialism and colonisation in the post second world war period. They raise the question of the role of violence and the place of nationalism in independence struggles in the light of the way in which coloniser and colonised are mutually constituted through cultural and ideological processes that form an important part of what enables colonisation to take place and to be maintained. They include the anti-colonialist writings of Fanon, Said’s examination of independence and liberation, and discussions of the problems of nationalist struggles from Chatterjee.
    1. Frantz Fanon: black skin, white mask - Isaac Julien, Frantz Fanon 1995 (videorecording)

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch this film in the seminar. The film introduces a number of themes that will be pursued later, for example, resistance, racism, gender and sexuality, hybridity. Available on YouTube in five parts:

    2. Chapter 1 of Nationalist thought and the colonial world: a derivative discourse - Partha Chatterjee

      Chapter Essential Chatterjee’s notion of ‘derivative discourse’. Especially Chapter 1.

    3. "Concerning violence" Chapter of The wretched of the earth - Frantz Fanon

      Chapter Essential Whole book is of interest but especially chapter 1: Concerning violence, Chapter 3: The Pitfalls of National Consciousness, and the Preface by Jean Paul Sartre. Does an independence struggle need to be violent?

    4. "Resistance and opposition." Chapter 3 of Culture and imperialism - Edward Said

      Chapter Essential Said's distinction between nationalist independence and liberation

    5. Other readings 2 items
      1. Discourse on colonialism - Aimee Cesaire

        Chapter Further reading Especially pages 9-25.

      2. "The two answers of the colonised" Chapter of The Colonizer and the colonized - Albert Memmi

        Chapter Further reading Especially ‘The two answers of the colonized’

    Examines one of the foundational writers of postcolonialism, Frantz Fanon, and his text Black Skin, White Masks. We pick up here particularly on his experiences as a Frenchman from Martinique who encounters racism on his arrival in Paris.
    1. "Shame and rage" Chapter of Colonial signs of international relations - Himadeep Muppidi

      Chapter Essential pp. 11-25, ‘Shame and Rage’. A short but impassioned critique of IR; section on US soldiers in Iraq interesting in relation to experiences of French in Algeria.

    2. "The fact of blackness" Chapter 5 of Black skin, white masks - Frantz Fanon

      Chapter Essential A foundational text of postcolonial studies. Think about the style of writing as well as what is being said.

    3. Preface of Madness and civilization: a history of insanity in the age of reason - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential Preface: A short (4 page) essay on madness, reason and confinement.

    4. "The birth of the asylum" Chapter 9 of Madness and civilization: a history of insanity in the age of reason - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential Interesting in relation to Fanon’s work in Algeria. Chapter 9 The Birth of the Asylum

    5. Seminar 2: Other reading 3 items
      1. "Fanon" Chapter of Critical theorists and international relations - Himadeep Muppidi

        Chapter Further reading Muppidi, Himadeep ‘Fanon’, in Edkins and Vaughan-Williams, ed. Critical Theorists in International Relations. ( A short introduction to Fanon in the context of international relations.

      2. "Madness, death and the birth of reason" Chapter 1 of Michel Foucault: the will to truth - Alan Sheridan

        Chapter Further reading Chapter 1, ‘Madness, death and the Birth of Reason.’ Provides a reading of Foucault’s Madness and Civilisation

      3. Frantz Fanon: critical perspectives - Anthony C. Alessandrini, ebrary, Inc 1999 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Excellent collection with chapters by eminent scholars.

    We begin by examining Foucault’s work on power/knowledge, and its importance for understanding the way in which ‘truth’ functions politically, and looking at how our own knowledge is ‘situated’. Further readings examine the argument that certain strands of thinking can be said to have emerged from the Algerian war, not only the work of Fanon but also that of Derrida and post-structural writers in general.
    1. "Falling and Flying: An Introduction." - Naeem Inayatullah

      Chapter Essential

    2. "Truth and Power" Chapter of Power/knowledge: selected interviews and other writings, 1972-1977 - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential Section from 'Truth and Power' pages 131-133

    3. "Two Lectures" Chapter of Society must be defended: lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-76 - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential

    4. Epistemic Disobedience, Independent Thought and Decolonial Freedom - W. D. Mignolo 01/12/2009

      Article Essential Walter Mignolo’s notion of de-colonial knowledges

    5. Other reading 2 items
      1. Autobiographical international relations: I, IR - Naeem Inayatullah 2011

        Book Further reading Examples of autobiographical writing

      2. Monolingualism of the other, or, The prosthesis of origin - Jacques Derrida 1998

        Book Further reading

  4. Seminar 4: ORIENTALISM AND HYBRIDITY 9 items
    Readings explore two concepts that were key in the development of postcolonial studies: orientalism, which is associated with the classic work of Edward Said, work that is credited with inaugurating the field of postcolonial theory and draws on Michel Foucault; and hybridity, a concept developed by Homi Bhabha and one that is much contested. Bhabha draws on Derrida and Lacan as well as Foucault and Fanon.
    1. Edward Said On Orientalism 28/10/2012

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch selections in the seminar. The final section is particularly interesting

    2. Chapter of Selections from the prison notebooks of Antonio Gramsci - Antonio Gramsci

      Chapter Essential The passage from Gramsci that Said refers to in the video is on pp. 323-325.

    3. "Signs taken for wonders: Questions of ambivalence and authority under a tree outside Delhi, May 1817" Chapter of The location of culture - Homi Bhabha

      Chapter Essential Also useful: Bhabha, Homi K. "Introduction: Locations of Culture," in The Location of Culture. London: Routledge, 1994: 1-18.

    4. "Introduction" Chapter of Orientalism - Edward Said

      Chapter Essential

    5. Other readings 4 items
      1. "Acting in a tight spot: Homi Bhabha's postcolonial politics" Chapter 7 of The postcolonial politics of development - Ilan Kapoor

        Chapter Further reading Kapoor. Ilan “Acting in a tight spot: Homi Bhabha’s Postcolonial Politics.” New Political Science 2003 25 (4) 561-577. Also reprinted as Chapter 7 in The Postcolonial Politics of Development

      2. Chapter 3 of Globalization and postcolonialism: hegemony and resistance in the twenty-first century - Sankaran Krishna

        Chapter Essential Chapter 3, particularly the discussion of Said (72-80) and Bhabha (89-98).

      3. A Passage to India - David Lean 1991 (videorecording)

        Audio-visual document Further reading Mistrust and false accusations doom a friendship in 1920s British colonial India between an Indian doctor, an Englishwoman engaged to marry a city magistrate, and an English educator. 16 parts

    Readings examine the work of the subaltern studies group, and the recent work of Dipesh Chakrabarty, who argues for what he calls “provincializing Europe.” In a context framed by liberal western ideologies Spivak questions whether the oppressed — the subaltern — has even the possibility of a voice, let alone of being heard. The term subaltern comes from Gramsci. Work using the notion of the subaltern (and indeed the writings of the Subaltern Studies Group) has been developed in Latin America; its uses in studies of indigeneity are being explored at the moment.
    1. "Deep Relation" Chapter 1 of The Black Pacific (Theory for a Global Age) - Robbie Shilliam

      Chapter Essential Argues that it is important to examine relations between subalterns

    2. Postcoloniality and the Artifice of History: Who Speaks for "Indian" Pasts? - Dipesh Chakrabarty 1992

      Article Essential Original statement of thesis on provincializing Europe

    3. Selected Subaltern Studies - Ranajit Guha; Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak - Oxford University Press

      Webpage Essential Ranajit Guha In Selected subaltern studies / edited by Ranajit Guha and Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1988. Statement of position by the Subaltern Studies collective.

    4. Other readings 3 items
      1. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Chapter of Colonial discourse and post colonial theory: a reader - Gayatri Spivak

        Chapter Essential Spivak, Gayatri Chakravorty. "Can the Subaltern Speak?" Section IV. 90-104. Classic piece: Spivak is one of the most often cited feminist postcolonial writers but is notoriously difficult to read — focus on where she deals with sati and suicide, section IV.

      2. Provincializing Europe: postcolonial thought and historical difference - Dipesh Chakrabarty 2008 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading New preface by the author 2007. Argues that while the categories of European thought are ‘indispensible’, they are ‘inadequate’. Influential book.

  6. Seminar 6: IDENTITY, RACE AND DIASPORA 8 items
    Postcolonial politics, in contrast to International Relations, has emphasized the politics of race and gender. In this seminar, readings examine identity and race in particular, using the work of Stuart Hall as exemplary, and look also at questions of the ambiguity and impossibility of any identification, focusing on the question of diaspora. Michel Foucault’s work on biopolitics and race, and volume one of History of Sexuality, is relevant here, and his Society must be Defended lectures.
    1. The Stuart Hall Project (2013) | BFI

      Webpage Essential We will watch selections from John Akomfrah’s The Stuart Hall Project: Revolution, politics, culture and the New Left experience. UK, 2013. 95 mins. A documentary presenting a portrait of Stuart Hall and exploring themes of memory, race, and identity.

    2. The Stuart Hall Project (DVD) - John Akomfrah

      Audio-visual document Essential We will watch selections from John Akomfrah’s The Stuart Hall Project: Revolution, politics, culture and the New Left experience. UK, 2013. 95 mins. A documentary presenting a portrait of Stuart Hall and exploring themes of memory, race, and identity.

    3. Chapter 11 of Society must be defended: lectures at the Collège de France, 1975-76 - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential 17 March 1976. Chapter on biopolitics and race

    4. "Who needs identity?" Chapter of Questions of cultural identity - Stuart Hall

      Chapter Essential See Hall, Stuart. “Who needs ‘identity’?” pp. 1-17.

    5. Other readings 2 items
      1. The history of sexuality - Michel Foucault 1990

        Book Further reading

      2. "The Question of cultural identity" Chapter of Understanding modern societies: 4: Modernity and its futures - Stuart Hall

        Chapter Essential Hall, Stuart. "The question of cultural identity." pp. 274-325.

    We focus on explorations of queering as part of decoloniality, arguments that postcolonialism retains a heteronormative framing and a commitment to binary logics, and readings that examine the intersection between gender, sexuality and postcolonialism.
    1. Queer Questions - Rahul Rao 03/04/2014

      Article Essential

    2. Other readings 2 items
      1. "Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: The Making of Racist Stereotypes in 19th Century Britain." Chapter of Encounter images in the meetings between Africa and Europe - Bernth Lindfors

        Chapter Further reading Lindfors, Bernth. "Hottentot, Bushman, Kaffir: The Making of Racist Stereotypes in 19th Century Britain." 54-75.

      2. Woman, native, other: writing postcoloniality and feminism - T. Minh-Ha Trinh 1989

        Book Further reading

    Foucault’s work on disciplinary practices and governmentality has been pivotal in the development of a specifically political approach to postcoloniality. Readings include two pieces that describe such practices in specific contexts: one in colonial Egypt and one in postcolonial aid practices in refugee camps. Critical postcolonial approaches to development were influenced by the work of Foucault and his notion of power, and by Said's Orientalism.
    1. The Field as Here and Now, Not There and Then - Jennifer Hyndman 2001

      Article Essential

    2. Dual Disasters: How the 2004 tsunami affected conflict and peace in Aceh, Indonesia Thursday, March 8, 2012 at 6:19 AM

      Audio-visual document Essential Film produced by Jennifer Hyndman. 15 min.

    3. "Governmentality" Chapter of Power - Michel Foucault

      Chapter Essential

    4. "Ordering disorder" Chapter 5 of Managing displacement: refugees and the politics of humanitarianism - Jennifer Hyndman

      Chapter Essential Chapter 5: Ordering disorder: Sitreps, Headcounts, and other instruments, 117-147.

    5. "Enframing" Chapter 2 of Colonising Egypt - Timothy Mitchell

      Chapter Essential A fascinating study of localized and concrete architectural and planning practices in Egypt.

    6. Other readings 4 items
      1. "Illegalities and delinquency" Chapter of The Foucault reader - Michel Foucault

        Chapter Essential This short extract presents Foucault’s argument that the prison is a successful failure; its functions are what must be examined

      2. Development, security and unending war: governing the world of peoples - Mark R. Duffield 2007 (various printings)

        Book Further reading Development as a form of biopolitical governance that maintains relations of inequality; Chapter 2: NGOs, Permanent Emergency and Decolonisation.

      3. Encountering development: the making and unmaking of the Third World - Arturo Escobar 2012 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Classic text examining how development discourse produces the Third World. See extracts in ‘The making and unmaking of the Third World through development’, in The Post-development reader, 1997.

      4. The anti-politics machine: "development," depoliticization, and bureaucratic power in Lesotho - James Ferguson 1994 (various printings)

        Book Further reading See summary in The Ecologist, 24 (5) 176-181

    Readings look at the influential work of Ashis Nandy, a major postcolonial thinker whose work is informed by psychoanalytic perspectives and who examines the impact of colonialism on the colonizer as well as the colonized. Other readings examine calls for a ‘postcolonial ethics’.
    1. Section V of The intimate enemy: loss and recovery of self under colonialism - Ashis Nandy

      Chapter Essential Classic and important text that examines the struggle over subjectivity in the colonial context, and the impact of colonization on colonizer as well as colonised. Particularly Section V, pp. 29-48.

    2. Other readings 3 items
      1. “An ethics of the concern of the self as a practice of freedom,” Chapter of The essential works of Michel Foucault, 1954-1984 - Michel Foucault

        Chapter Further reading Foucault’s ethics of the self.

      2. Domination and the arts of resistance: hidden transcripts - James C. Scott, ebrary, Inc c1990 (electronic resource)

        Book Further reading Chapters 1 & 7 in particular. A very interesting take on forms of resistance, relevant in the context of thinking through ethico-political possibilities.

    In the final seminar readings focus on the question of postcolonial politics as a field of problematization in the present, and examine the debates on this in the work of David Scott, among others. Both Scott and others ask: What are the questions to which postcolonialism was framed as a response? Do these questions still hold? Stuart Hall’s notion of a politics without guarantees is important here, alongside Scott’s tragic imagination. We will explore our own motivations as academics or potential practitioners.
    1. "What an we do to change the world?" Chapter 28 of Global politics: a new introduction - Maja Zehfuss

      Chapter Essential Another version of the impossibility of guarantees/tragic imagination set out by Hall and Scott.

    2. Prologue of Conscripts of modernity: the tragedy of colonial enlightenment - David Scott

      Chapter Essential See also Hall, Stuart “David Scott,” Bomb 90 (Winter 2005). Hall interviews Scott about the book.

    3. "Fanonian futures?" Chapter 8 of Refashioning futures: criticism after postcoloniality - David Scott

      Chapter Essential Argues that postcolonialism as critique (which succeeded anticolonialism as political practice) has run its course and needs to be replaced by a critique that comes after postcoloniality and is explicitly political

    4. Stuart Hall's ethics - David Scott

      Article Essential Scott, David “Stuart Hall’s ethics,” Small Axe 17 (March 2005): 1-16. Discusses Hall’s work under three headings: the contingency of the present, the evasion of philosophy and an ethics of generosity. An ethics without guarantees, with “no final security against the evils that threaten us on every side”.

    5. Other readings 2 items
      1. The post-colonial question: common skies, divided horizons - Iain Chambers, Lidia Curti, ebrary, Inc 1996 (electronic resource)

        Book Essential Hall, Stuart “When was the postcolonial: Thinking at the limit” in The post-colonial question, 242- Very interesting survey of the postcolonial move and a rejoinder to Dirlik.

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